Unit Weight of Materials

The unit weight of common materials is as given below;

Material - powder, ore, solids, etc.
kg/cu.m.
Alfalfa, ground256
Alum, lumpy881
Alum, pulverized753
Alumina961
Aluminum, oxide1522
Ammonia gas0.77
Ammonium Nitrate730
Ammonium Sulphate - dry1130
Ammonium Sulphate - wet1290
Andesite, solid2771
Antimony, cast6696
Apples641
Arsenic5671
Asbestos - shredded320- 400
Asbestos rock1600
Ashes - wet730- 890
Ashes - dry570- 650
Asphalt, crushed721
Babbitt7272
Bagasse120
Bakelite, solid1362
Baking powder721
Barium3780
Bark, wood refuse240
Barley609
Barite, crushed2883
Basalt, broken1954
Basalt, solid3011
Bauxite, crushed1281
Beans, castor577
Beans, cocoa593
Beans, navy801
Beans, soy721
Beeswax961
Beets721
Bentonite593
Bicarbonate of soda689
Bismuth9787
Bones, pulverized881
Borax, fine849
Bran256
Brewers grain432
Brick, common red1922
Brick, fire clay2403
Brick, silica2050
Brick, chrome2803
Brick, magnesia2563
Buckwheat657
Butter865
Cadmium8650
Calcium carbide1201
Caliche1442
Carbon, solid2146
Carbon, powdered80
Carbon dioxide1.98
Carbon monoxide1.25
Cardboard689
Cement - clinker1290-1540
Cement, Portland1506
Cement, mortar2162
Cement, slurry1442
Chalk, solid2499
Chalk, lumpy1442
Chalk, fine1121
Charcoal208
Chloroform1522
Chocolate, powder641
Chromic acid, flake1201
Chromium6856
Chromium ore2162
Cinders, furnace913
Cinders, Coal, ash641
Clay, dry excavated1089
Clay, wet excavated1826
Clay, dry lump1073
Clay, fire1362
Clay, wet lump1602
Clay, compacted1746
Clover seed769
Coal, Anthracite, solid1506
Coal, Anthracite, broken1105
Coal, Bituminous, solid1346
Coal, Bituminous, broken833
Cobaltite ( cobolt ore )6295
Coconut, meal513
Coconut, shredded352
Coffee, fresh beans561
Coffee, roast beans432
Coke570- 650
Concrete, Asphalt2243
Concrete, Gravel2403
Concrete, Limestone with Portland2371
Copper ore1940-2590
Copper sulfate, ground3604
Copra, medium size529
Copra, meal, ground641
Copra, expeller cake ground513
Copra, expeller cake chopped465
Cork, solid240
Cork, ground160
Corn, on the cob721
Corn, shelled721
Corn, grits673
Cottonseed, dry, de-linted561
Cottonseed, dry, not de-linted320
Cottonseed, cake, lumpy673
Cottonseed, hulls192
Cottonseed, meal593
Cottonseed, meats641
Cottonwood416
Cryolite1602
Cullet1602
Culm753
Dolomite, solid2899
Dolomite, pulverized737
Dolomite, lumpy1522
Earth, loam, dry, excavated1249
Earth, moist, excavated1442
Earth, wet, excavated1602
Earth, dense2002
Earth, soft loose mud1730
Earth, packed1522
Earth, Fullers, raw673
Emery4005
Ether737
Feldspar, solid2563
Feldspar, pulverized1233
Fertilizer, acid phosphate961
Fish, scrap721
Fish, meal593
Flaxseed, whole721
Flint - silica1390
Flour, wheat593
Flue dust1450-2020
Fluorspar, solid3204
Fluorspar, lumps1602
Fluorspar, pulverized1442
Fullers Earth - raw or burnt570- 730
Galena ( lead ore )7400 - 7600
Garbage, household rubbish481
Glass - broken or cullet1290-1940
Glass, window2579
Glue, animal, flaked561
Glue, vegetable, powdered641
Gluten, meal625
Gneiss, bed in place2867
Gneiss, broken1858
Granite, solid2691
Granite, broken1650
Graphite, flake641
Grain - Maize760
Grain - Barley600
Grain - Millet760- 800
Grain - Wheat780- 800
Gravel, loose, dry1522
Gravel, with sand, natural1922
Gravel, dry 1/4 to 2 inch1682
Gravel, wet 1/4 to 2 inch2002
Gummite ( uranium ore )3890 - 6400
Gypsum, solid2787
Gypsum, broken1290-1600
Gypsum, crushed1602
Gypsum, pulverized1121
Halite (salt), solid2323
Halite (salt), broken1506
Hematite ( iron ore )5095 - 5205
Hemimorphite ( zinc ore )3395 - 3490
Hydrochloric acid 40%1201
Ice, solid919
Ice, crushed593
Ilmenite2307
Iridium22154
Iron ore - crushed - see metals table2100-2900
Iron oxide pigment400
Iron Pyrites2400
Iron sulphate - pickling tank - dry1200
Iron sulphate - pickling tank - wet1290
Ivory1842
Kaolin, green crushed1025
Kaolin, pulverized352
Lead, rolled - see metals table11389
Lead, red3684
Lead, white pigment4085
Leather945
Lignite, dry801
Lime, quick, lump849
Lime, quick, fine1201
Lime, stone, large2691
Lime, stone, lump1538
Lime, hydrated481
Lime, wet or mortar1540
Limonite, solid3796
Limonite, broken2467
Limestone, solid2611
Limestone, broken1554
Limestone, pulverized1394
Linseed, whole753
Linseed, meal513
Locust, dry705
Magnesite, solid3011
Magnesium oxide1940
Magnesium sulphate, crystal1121
Magnetite, solid ( iron ore )5046
Magnetite, broken3284
Malachite ( copper ore )3750 - 3960
Malt336
Manganese, solid7609
Manganese oxide1922
Manure400
Marble, solid2563
Marble, broken1570
Marl, wet, excavated2243
Mica, solid2883
Mica, broken1602
Mica - flake520
Mica - powder986
Milk, powdered449
Molybdenum ore1600
Mortar, wet2403
Mud, packed1906
Mud, fluid1730
Nickel ore1600
Nickel, rolled8666
Nickel silver8442
Nitric acid, 91%1506
Nitrogen1.26
Oak, red705
Oats432
Oats, rolled304
Oil cake785
Oil, linseed942
Oil, petroleum881
Oxygen1.43
Oyster shells, ground849
Paper, standard1201
Peanuts, shelled641
Peanuts, not shelled272
Peat, dry400
Peat, moist801
Peat, wet1121
Pecan wood753
Phosphate rock, broken1762
Phosphorus2339
Pitch1153
Plaster849
Platinum ore2600
Porcelain2403
Porphyry, solid2547
Porphyry, broken1650
Potash1281
Potassium chloride2002
Potatoes, white769
Pumice, stone641
Pyrite (fool's gold)2400 - 5015
Quartz, solid2643
Quartz, lump1554
Quartz sand1201
Resin, synthetic, crushed561
Rice, hulled753
Rice, rough577
Rice grits689
Rip-Rap1602
Rock - soft - excavated with shovel1600-1780
Rosin1073
Rubber, caoutchouc945
Rubber, manufactured1522
Rubber, ground scrap481
Rye705
Salt cake1442
Salt, course801
Salt, fine1201
Saltpeter1201
Sand, wet1922
Sand, wet, packed2082
Sand, dry1602
Sand, loose1442
Sand, rammed1682
Sand, water filled1922
Sand with Gravel, dry1650
Sand with Gravel, wet2020
Sandstone, solid2323
Sandstone, broken1370-1450
Sawdust210
Sewage, sludge721
Shale, solid2675
Shale, broken1586
Shells - oyster800
Sinter1600-2180
Slag, solid2114
Slag, broken1762
Slag, crushed, 1/4 inch1185
Slag, furn. granulated961
Slate, solid2691
Slate, broken1290-1450
Slate, pulverized1362
Smithsonite ( zinc ore )4300
Snow, freshly fallen160
Snow, compacted481
Soap, solid801
Soap, chips160
Soap, flakes160
Soap, powdered368
Soapstone talc2400
Soda Ash, heavy1080
Soda Ash, light432
Sodium977
Sodium Aluminate, ground1153
Sodium Nitrate, ground1201
Soy beans, whole753
Starch, powdered561
Stone, crushed1602
Stone (common, generic)2515
Sugar, brown721
Sugar, powdered801
Sugar, granulated849
Sugar, raw cane961
Sugarbeet pulp, dry208
Sugarbeet pulp, wet561
Sugarcane272
Sulphur, solid2002
Sulphur, lump1314
Sulphur, pulverized961
Taconite2803
Talc, solid2691
Talc, broken1746
Tanbark, ground881
Tankage961
Tar1153
Tobacco320
Trap rock, solid2883
Trap rock, broken1746
Turf400
Turpentine865
Walnut, black, dry609
Water, pure1000
Water, sea (see liquids table)1026
Wheat769
Wheat, cracked673
Wood chips - dry - see wood table240- 520
Wool1314
Zinc oxide400